Anabor, V, DJ Stensrud, and OLL de Moraes. 2008. "Serial Upstream-Propagating Mesoscale Convective System Events over Southeastern South America." Monthly Weather Review 136(8): 3087–3105,


Clough, SA, MW Shephard, E Mlawer, JS Delamere, M Iacono, K Cady-Pereira, S Boukabara, and PD Brown. 2005. "Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer 91(2): 233–244,


Deardorff, JW. 1980. "Stratocumulus-Capped Mixed Layers Derived from a 3-Dimensional Model." Boundary-Layer Meteorology 18(4): 495–527,


Ek, MB, KE Mitchell, Y Lin, E Rogers, P Grunmann, V Koren, G Gayno, and JD Tarpley. 2003. "Implementation of Noah land surface model advances in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction operational mesoscale Eta model." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 108(D22): 8851,


Fan, J, B Han, A Varble, H Morrison, K North, P Kollias, B Chen, X Dong, SE Giangrande, A Khain, Y Lin, E Mansell, JA Milbrandt, R Stenz, G Thompson, and Y Wang. 2017. "Cloud-resolving model intercomparison of an MC3E squall line case: Part I—Convective updrafts." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122(17): 9351–9378,


Gilbert, GK. 1884. "Finley’s Tornado Predictions." American Meteorological Journal. A Monthly Review of Meteorology and Allied Branches of Study (1884–1896) 1(5): 166–172,


Gochis, D, M Barlage, R Cabell, M Casali, A Dugger, K FitzGerald, M McAllister, J McCreight, A RafieeiNasab, L Read, K Sampson, D Yates, and Y Zhang. 2021. The WRF-Hydro® Modeling System Technical Description, (Version 5.2.0). National Center for Atmospheric Research, NCAR Technical Note.


Gustafson, WI, AM Vogelmann, X Cheng, KK Dumas, S Endo, KL Johnson, B Krishna, Z Li, T Toto, and H Xiao. 2020. Description of the LASSO Data Bundles Product. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Research Facility, DOE/SC-ARM-TR-216.,


Gustafson, WI, AM Vogelmann, X Cheng, S Endo, B Krishna, Z Li, T Toto, and H Xiao. 2017. LASSO Alpha 2 Data Bundles. 36° 36′ 18.0′′ N, 97° 29′ 6.0′′ W: Southern Great Plains Central Facility (C1). Atmospheric Radiation Measurement User Facility.


Gustafson, WI, AM Vogelmann, Z Li, X Cheng, KK Dumas, S Endo, KL Johnson, B Krishna, T Fairless, and H Xiao. 2020. "The Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Symbiotic Simulation and Observation (LASSO) Activity for Continental Shallow Convection." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101(4): E462–E479,


Hardin, J, N Bharadwaj, SE Giangrande, A Varble, and Z Feng. 2020b. "Taranis: a new framework for physically constrained radar processing." Presented in the American Geophysical Union 2020 Fall Meeting, number A159-08.


Hardin, J, A Hunzinger, E Schuman, A Matthews, N Bharadwaj, A Varble, K Johnson, and S Giangrande. 2020a. CACTI Radar b1 Processing: Corrections, calibrations, and processing report. DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement User Facility, DOE/SC-ARM-TR-244.


Hersbach, H, B Bell, P Berrisford, S Hirahara, A Horanyi, J Munoz-Sabater, J Nicolas, C Peubey, R Radu, D Schepers, A Simmons, C Soci, S Abdalla, X Abellan, G Balsamo, P Bechtold, G Biavati, J Bidlot, M Bonavita, G De Chiara, P Dahlgren, D Dee, M Diamantakis, R Dragani, J Flemming, R Forbes, M Fuentes, A Geer, L Haimberger, S Healy, RJ Hogan, E Holm, M Janiskova, S Keeley, P Laloyaux, P Lopez, C Lupu, G Radnoti, P de Rosnay, I Rozum, F Vamborg, S Villaume, and JN Thepaut. 2020. "The ERA5 global reanalysis." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 146(730): 1999-2049,


Hong, SY, J Choi, EC Chang, H Park, and YJ Kim. 2008. "Lower-tropospheric enhancement of gravity wave drag in a global spectral atmospheric forecast model." Weather and Forecasting 23(3): 523–531,


Iacono, MJ, JS Delamere, EJ Mlawer, MW Shephard, SA Clough, and WD Collins. 2008. "Radiative forcing by long-lived greenhouse gases: Calculations with the AER radiative transfer models." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 113(D13): D13103,


Isaksen, L, M Bonavita, R Buizza, M Fisher, J Haseler, M Leutbecher, and L Raynaud. 2010. Ensemble of data assimilations at ECMWF. ECMWF.,


Janjić, Z. 2019. The surface layer parameterization in the NMM models. National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, NCEP Office Note 497.,


Janjić, ZI. 2001. Nonsingular implementation of the Mellor-Yamada level 2.5 scheme in the NCEP Meso model. National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, NCEP Office Note 437.


Jimenez, PA, JP Hacker, J Dudhia, SE Haupt, JA Ruiz-Arias, CA Gueymard, G Thompson, T Eidhammer, and AJ Deng. 2016. "WRF-SOLAR Description and Clear-Sky Assessment of an Augmented NWP Model for Solar Power Prediction." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97(7): 1249–1264,


Juliano, TW, PA Jimenez, B Kosovic, T Eidhammer, G Thompson, LK Berg, J Fast, A Motley, and A Polidori. 2022. "Smoke from 2020 United States wildfires responsible for substantial solar energy forecast errors." Environmental Research Letters,


Laing, AG and JM Fritsch. 1993. "Mesoscale Convective Complexes over the Indian Monsoon Region." Journal of Climate 6(5): 911–919,<0911:MCCOTI>2.0.CO;2


Lombardo, K and MR Kumjian. 2022. "Observations of the Discrete Propagation of a Mesoscale Convective System during RELAMPAGO–CACTI." Monthly Weather Review 150(8): 2111–2138,


Mesinger, F and TL Black. 1992. "On the Impact on Forecast Accuracy of the Step-Mountain (Eta) Vs Sigma Coordinate." Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics 50(1-3): 47–60,


Mlawer, EJ, SJ Taubman, PD Brown, MJ Iacono, and SA Clough. 1997. "Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 102(D14): 16663–16682,


NCEP, NWS, NOAA, and US Department of Commerce. 2015. NCEP GDAS/FNL 0.25 Degree Global Tropospheric Analyses and Forecast Grids. Research Data Archive at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory.


Nesbitt, SW, PV Salio, E Ávila, P Bitzer, L Carey, V Chandrasekar, W Deierling, F Dominguez, ME Dillon, CM Garcia, D Gochis, S Goodman, DA Hence, KA Kosiba, MR Kumjian, T Lang, LM Luna, J Marquis, R Marshall, LA McMurdie, E de Lima Nascimento, KL Rasmussen, R Roberts, AK Rowe, JJ Ruiz, EFS Sabbas, AC Saulo, RS Schumacher, YG Skabar, LAT Machado, RJ Trapp, AC Varble, J Wilson, J Wurman, EJ Zipser, I Arias, H Bechis, and MA Grover. 2021. "A Storm Safari in Subtropical South America: Proyecto RELAMPAGO." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102(8): E1621–E1644,


Rienecker, MM, MJ Suarez, R Todling, J Bacmeister, L Takacs, H Liu, W Gu, M Sienkiewicz, R Koster, R Gelaro, I Stajner, and JE Nielsen. 2008. The GEOS‐5 Data Assimilation System — Documentation of versions 5.0.1, 5.1.0, and 5.2.0. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, NASA/TM–2008–104606, Vol. 27.


Schaefer, JT. 1990. "The Critical Success Index as an Indicator of Warning Skill." Weather and Forecasting 5(4): 570–575,<0570:Tcsiaa>2.0.Co;2


Schwitalla, T, K Warrach-Sagi, V Wulfmeyer, and MM Resch. 2020. "Near-global-scale high-resolution seasonal simulations with WRF-Noah-MP v.3.8.1." Geoscientific Model Development 13(4): 1959-1974,


Taylor, KE. 2001. "Summarizing multiple aspects of model performance in a single diagram." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 106(D7): 7183–7192,


Thompson, G and T Eidhammer. 2014. "A Study of Aerosol Impacts on Clouds and Precipitation Development in a Large Winter Cyclone." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 71(10): 3636–3658,


Thompson, G, PR Field, RM Rasmussen, and WD Hall. 2008. "Explicit forecasts of winter precipitation using an improved bulk microphysics scheme. Part II: Implementation of a new snow parameterization." Monthly Weather Review 136(12): 5095–5115,


Thompson, G, RM Rasmussen, and K Manning. 2004. "Explicit forecasts of winter precipitation using an improved bulk microphysics scheme. Part I: Description and sensitivity analysis." Monthly Weather Review 132(2): 519–542,<0519:EFOWPU>2.0.CO;2


Tiedtke, M. 1989. "A Comprehensive Mass Flux Scheme for Cumulus Parameterization in Large-Scale Models." Monthly Weather Review 117(8): 1779–1800,<1779:ACMFSF>2.0.CO;2


Varble, A, S Nesbitt, P Salio, E Avila, P Borque, P DeMott, G McFarquhar, Svd Heever, E Zipser, D Gochis, RJ Houze, M Jensen, P Kollias, S Kreidenweis, R Leung, K Rasmussen, D Romps, and C Williams. 2019. Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) Field Campaign Report. DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Facility, DOE/SC-ARM-19-028.,


Varble, AC, SW Nesbitt, P Salio, JC Hardin, N Bharadwaj, P Borque, PJ DeMott, Z Feng, TCJ Hill, JN Marquis, A Matthews, F Mei, R Öktem, V Castro, L Goldberger, A Hunzinger, KR Barry, SM Kreidenweis, GM McFarquhar, LA McMurdie, M Pekour, H Powers, DM Romps, C Saulo, B Schmid, JM Tomlinson, SC van den Heever, A Zelenyuk, Z Zhang, and EJ Zipser. 2021. "Utilizing a Storm-Generating Hotspot to Study Convective Cloud Transitions: The CACTI Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 102(8): E1597-E1620,


Vogelmann, AM and TP Ackerman. 1995. "Relating cirrus cloud properties to observed fluxes: A critical assessment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 52(23): 4285–4301,<4285:Rccpto>2.0.Co;2


Wang, CP, ZJ Luo, XH Chen, XP Zeng, WK Tao, and XL Huang. 2014. "A Physically Based Algorithm for Non-Blackbody Correction of Cloud-Top Temperature and Application to Convection Study." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 53(7): 1844–1857,


Wang, HL, WC Skamarock, and G Feingold. 2009. "Evaluation of Scalar Advection Schemes in the Advanced Research WRF Model Using Large-Eddy Simulations of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions." Monthly Weather Review 137(8): 2547–2558,


Wang, W, C Bruyére, M Duda, J Dudhia, D Gill, M Kavulich, K Werner, M Chen, H Lin, J Michalakes, S Rizvi, X Zhang, J Berner, D Munuz-Esparza, B Reen, S Ha, K Fossell, JD Beezley, JL Coen, and J Mandel. 2019. ARW Version 4 Modeling System User's Guide. National Center for Atmospheric Research.


Xiao, H, S Endo, M Wong, WC Skamarock, JB Klemp, JD Fast, WI Gustafson, AM Vogelmann, HL Wang, YG Liu, and WY Lin. 2015. "Modifications to WRF's dynamical core to improve the treatment of moisture for large-eddy simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7(4): 1627–1642,


Yamazaki, D, D Ikeshima, R Tawatari, T Yamaguchi, F O'Loughlin, JC Neal, CC Sampson, S Kanae, and PD Bates. 2017. "A high-accuracy map of global terrain elevations." Geophysical Research Letters 44(11): 5844–5853,


Zhang, CX, YQ Wang, and K Hamilton. 2011. "Improved Representation of Boundary Layer Clouds over the Southeast Pacific in ARW-WRF Using a Modified Tiedtke Cumulus Parameterization Scheme." Monthly Weather Review 139(11): 3489–3513,


Zhou, XQ, YJ Zhu, DC Hou, Y Luo, JY Peng, and R Wobus. 2017. "Performance of the New NCEP Global Ensemble Forecast System in a Parallel Experiment." Weather and Forecasting 32(5): 1989–2004,


Zhuang, J, R Dussin, D Huard, P Bourgault, A Banihirwe, S Raynaud, B Malevich, M Schupfner, Filipe, S Levang, C Gauthier, A Jüling, M Almansi, RichardScottOZ, RondeauG, S Rasp, TJ Smith, J Stachelek, M Plough, Pierre, R Bell, R Caneill, and X Li. 2023. "pangeo-data/xESMF: v0.8.2." Zenodo,,